The pathology of poverty reduction programs in I.R. Iran and the millennium development goals
The challenges and obstacles of poverty alleviation programs in Iran and its strategies in National Development Plans (past and present) are analyzed and evaluated in this study. The results indicate that most of the policies on poverty reduction have been adopted without any consensus on poverty concepts and its dimensions among the researchers and policy makers. This subject can be generalized to other countries (even on a global level). For instance, there are competing definitions on absolute and relative poverty and diverse of their estimation which lead in different policies and outcomes. This problem is tackled has in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Because of unique methodology in defining and computing the poverty in the MDGs (e.g. food poverty, education poverty, health poverty, etc.), we have been able to focus on the issue and organize all of the poverty alleviation policies in the context of MDGs, both at provincial and national level. In this regard, the Islamic Republic of Iran has established the National Committee to operating and monitor Millennium Development Goals in the country.