Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Martin, B & Murray, I, The Parkin backfire, Social Alternatives, 2005, 24(3), 46-49, 70. The original journal can be found here.


In September 2005, the Australian government arrested and deported Scott Parkin, a visiting US peace activist. This caused a storm of protest and greatly stimulated community interest in nonviolent action and threats to civil liberties. The Parkin case shows how an injustice can backfire and how activists can use an understanding of backfire dynamics to be more effective.