Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Martin, B, Nonviolent futures, Futures: The Journal of Policy, Planning and Futures Studies, 2001, 33(7), 625-635. Copyright Elsevier 2006. The original journal is available here.


Nonviolent action - including methods such as rallies, strikes, boycotts and sit-ins - has become increasingly important in the past century as a method for waging conflict and promoting social change. Nonviolent action has been adopted by many social movements, yet its potential impact has only begun to be realised. Some areas for future expansion of the role of nonviolent action include replacing military defence, technological design, challenging capitalism, bureaucratic politics, information struggles and interpersonal behaviour.




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