Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Martinez, J. T. & Vickers, A. (2012). Indonesians overseas - deep histories and the view from below. Indonesia and the Malay World, 40 (117), 111-121.


Indonesian mobility is often regarded as a present-day fact. In 2007 the number of Indonesians reported working abroad had reached 4.3 million, bringing in an income of US$6 billion in remittances (Widodo et al. 2009). By 2010 the numbers working abroad would have well passed 5 million, especially considering the numbers ‘smuggled’ across the Indonesian-Malaysian maritime borders




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