The United Nations and mass atrocity prevention: A review of current and potential capacity
It is a testament to the strength of world opinion on the necessity of mass atrocity prevention that the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ was unanimously endorsed by the international community at the World Summit in 2005. The Responsibility to Protect, or R2P as it is commonly known, reaffirmed the responsibility of the international community to prevent genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and highlighted the central role of the United Nations (UN) in meeting this responsibility. It asserted a broad role for the UN; not only responding to crises and imminent emergencies, but also providing an early warning mechanism, supporting the Special Advisor for the Prevention of Genocide, and supporting the international community in taking preventive action to assist ‘those which are under stress before crises and conflicts break out.’
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