From Ethico-Political Hegemony to Post-Marxism
Recent literature on post-Marxism has neglected a direct and strong engagement with Gramsci's theory of hegemony. What has happened through this disengagement is that post-Marxism has been imbued with the poststructuralism of Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault. That has rendered it incapable of becoming a theory that can engage the social as well as the political. This chapter attempts to reengage with Gramsci's theory of hegemony and to bring back both the political and the social by focusing on a key aspect of the concept of hegemony- that is, the ethico-political. It argues that, far from being "just theory", post-Marxism's engagement with Gramsci moves it toward a practical politico-social ontology, In this chapter, the nexus between hegemony, the ethico-political, and post-Marxism is developed by focusing on two of post-Marxism's key concepts: antagonism and equivalence.