Stable dispersions containing graphene and gellan gum are used to form composite films. Incorporation of graphene into the gellan gum matrix results in mechanical reinforcement and electrical conductivity at low and high graphene loading fractions, respectively. Graphene-containing gellan gum hydrogel films are prepared by immersion of composite films in Ca2+ cross-linking solutions. The resulting hydrogels are electrically conducting and exhibit reinforcement compared to the corresponding gellan gum hydrogels. 2013 Elsevier B.V.