Publication Details

Wang, Z., Zhao, K., Guo, X., Sun, W., Jiang, H., Han, X., Tao, X., Cheng, Z., Zhao, H., Kimura, H., Yuan, G., Yin, J. & Liu, Z. (2013). Crystallization, phase evolution and ferroelectric properties of sol-gel-synthesized Ba(Ti0.8Zr0.2)O3- x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 thin films. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 1 522-530.


A lead-free piezoelectric material with ultra-high properties, Ba(Ti0.8Zr0.2)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3(BZT-xBCT) nanocrystals was synthesized via a sol-gel method, and the corresponding thin films were also deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates by a spin-coating approach. The BZT-xBCT thin film exhibited a high remnant polarization of 22.15 mC cm2 with a large coercive field of 68.06 kV cm1. The resultant gel is calcined at various elevated temperatures and studied with FTIR/XRD/Raman/DSC-TGA/AFM/SEM techniques for gel composition, crystallization, phase transition, thermochemistry and the morphology of the film. Although the room temperature crystal structure of the BZT-xBCT nanocrystals appears to be a standard perovskite structure by conventional X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy demonstrates the presence of non-centrosymmetric regions arising from the off-centering of the titanium (zirconium) atoms. The Raman spectra findings demonstrate the degree by which the tetragonal phase grows with the increase of calcining temperature in BZT-0.5BCT, and the characteristic ferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in BZT-xBCT while going through the MPB process. The structural and constituent evolution for the conversion process from gel to ceramic, as well as the formation mechanism of the BZT-0.5BCT crystallite, were also elucidated.



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