Modeling non-local electrodynamics in superconducting films: The case of a right angle corner
We consider magnetic flux penetration in a superconducting film with a concave corner. Unlike convex corners, where the current flow pattern is easily constructed from Beans critical state model, the current flow pattern at a concave corner is highly nontrivial. To address the problem, we do a numerical flux creep simulation, where particular attention is paid to efficient handling of the non-local electrodynamics, characteristic of superconducting films in the transverse geometry. We find that the current stream lines at the concave corner are close to circular, but the small deviation from exact circles ensures that the electric field is continuous inside the sample. Yet, the electric field is, as expected, very high at the concave corner. At low fields, the critical state penetration is deeper from the concave corner than from the straight edges, which is a consequence of the electrodynamic non-locality. A magneto-optical experiment on Y Ba 2Cu 3O x displays an almost perfect match with the magnetic flux distribution from the simulation, hence verifying the necessity of including electrodynamic non-locality in the modeling of superconducting thin films. 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.