Title

Yolk@shell anatase TiO2 hierarchical microspheres with exposed {001} facets for high-performance dye sensitized solar cells

RIS ID

68812

Publication Details

Fang, W, Yang, X, Zhu, H, Li, Z, Zhao, H, Yao, X & Yang, H (2012), Yolk@shell anatase TiO2 hierarchical microspheres with exposed {001} facets for high-performance dye sensitized solar cells, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 22(41), pp. 22082-22089.

Abstract

We report a facile, template-free and nontoxic one-pot solvothermal route for synthesizing submicrometer-sized yolk@shell hierarchical spheres, which possess a permeable shell self-assembled by ultrathin anatase TiO2 nanosheets (NSs) with nearly 90% of exposed {001} facets and mesoporous inner sphere with a high specific surface area. Compared to the {001} faceted TiO2 NSs and standard Degussa P25, the anatase TiO2 yolk@shell hierarchical spheres (TiO2 YSHSs) were obtained with surface area up to 245.1 m2 g−1 and their submicrometer scale simultaneously promoted light scattering in the visible region. A light to electricity conversion efficiency (η) of 6.01% was achieved for the DSSCs with TiO2 YSHSs as its photoanode, under 100 mW cm−2 illumination, indicating 49.9% and 34.8% increases compared to the DSSCs with TiO2 NSs (4.01%) and the standard Degussa P25 (4.46%) as photoanodes, respectively. The enhancement can be mainly attributed to the higher dye loading on TiO2 YSHSs (4.35 × 10−5 mol cm−2) than that of TiO2 NSs (3.14 × 10−5 mol cm−2) and P25 (3.32 × 10−5 mol cm−2); longer lifetime of the injected electrons in TiO2 YSHSs film (65.79 ms) than that of in TiO2 NSs film (57.90 ms); and the good capability of light scattering of TiO2 YSHSs in visible light region, which are confirmed by UV-vis spectrophotometer and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The growth mechanism of the TiO2 YSHSs has also been investigated in detail.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2jm34787c