Heterostructured Nanorings of Fe-Fe3O4@C Hybrid with Enhanced Microwave Absorption Performance
Microwave absorption is a critical challenge with progression in electronics, where fine structural designing of absorbent materials plays an effe ctive role in optimizing their microwave absorption properties. Here, we have developed Fe 3 O 4 @C (FC) and Fe-Fe 3 O 4 @C (FFC) hybrid nanorings via a hydrothermal method coupled with a chemical catalytic vapor deposition technique. FC and FFC hybrid nanorings have fine carbon coating while their size can easily be tunable in a certain range from 80-130 to 90-140 nm. The optimized FC and FFC hybrid nanorings bear minimum reflection loss (RL) values of -39.1 dB at 15.9 GHz and -32.9 dB at 17.1 GHz, respectively, whereas FFC shows an effective absorption bandwidth (RL values < -10 dB) ranged from 5.2 to 18 GHz. Such an enhanced microwave absorption performance of hybrid nanorings is mainly due to the suitable impedance characteristics, multilevel interfaces, and polarization features in nanorings. This work provides an approach to design hybrid materials having a complex structure to enhance the microwave absorption properties.