Controlled synthesis of Ni0.85Se microstructures with different morphologies and their morphology-dependent electrochemical supercapacitor properties
The research of cheap, earth-abundant and efficient electrode material is of significance for advanced supercapitors. Here we report a simple and cost-effective strategy for synthesis of Ni 0.85 Se via hydrothermal method. A systematic study of the solvent dependent morphological modification and its subsequent influence on supercapitors performance have been investigated. When evaluated as electrode material in supercapacitor, the as-fabricated flower-like Ni 0.85 Se electrode shows superior electrochemical performance with excellent rate capability and long cycle life. Besides, the energy storage behavior of flower-like Ni 0.85 Se was investigated in an asymmetric supercapacitor configuration. The as-assembled Ni 0.85 Se//graphene hybrid supercapacitor showed a specific capacitance of 103.4 F g −1 at 1 A g −1 and cycle performance of 90.6% after 10 000 uninterrupted cycles at a high current density of 8 A g −1 . Furthermore, the maximum energy density of 32.3 Wh kg −1 and power density of 1.5 kW kg −1 were obtained. The high specific capacitance and good cyclic stability as well as high energy/power density of the device make it a promising supercapacitor for the practical applications. Moreover, this work also provides a straightforward and effective approach to synthesize selenide-based electrode material in high performance energy storage devices.