Title

A novel reusable superhydrophilic NiO/Ni mesh produced by a facile fabrication method for superior oil/water separation

RIS ID

114757

Publication Details

Yu, Z., Yun, F. F., Gong, Z., Yao, Q., Dou, S., Liu, K., Jiang, L. & Wang, X. (2017). A novel reusable superhydrophilic NiO/Ni mesh produced by a facile fabrication method for superior oil/water separation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5 (22), 10821-10826.

Abstract

There is a critical need to develop durable and reusable materials for oil-water separation, especially in harsh environments. Traditional antifouling mesh-based separation technologies are not reusable and limited by poor temperature resistance. Here we report a novel superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic NiO/Ni mesh which shows superior oil/water separation in harsh environments, with reusable and durable properties that can separate different oil-water mixtures with and without sand and soil contaminants, a >99% separation efficiency and up to 5.4 104 L m2 h1 permeate flux. The material is able to retain its superior performance over the 20 cycles we measured and for mixtures of sticky oils its performance is easily recoverable after a quick heat treatment. Our separation methodology is solely gravity-driven and consequently is expected to be highly energy-efficient. We anticipate that our separation methodology will have numerous applications, including in the clean-up of oil spills, wastewater treatment and other harsh condition oil-water separations.

Grant Number

ARC/DP130102956

Grant Number

ARC/FT130100778

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