Improving flux pinning of MgB2 by carbon nanotube doping and ultrasonication
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are an excellent candidate for introducing effective pinning centres and at the same time enhancing the upper critical field of MgB2. We report on the use of a low intensity ultrasonication as a method of dispersion of CNTs into precursor magnesium and boron powder. The ultrasonication improved homogenous mixing of CNTs with the MgB2 matrix. Ultrasonication of CNT doped MgB2 resulted in a significant enhancement in the field dependence of critical current density. The density of the sample increased due to the improved adherence between CNTs and MgB2 matrix. CNTs donate carbon that is substituted for boron in MgB2.