CNT/polymer nanocomposites: a detailed review on mathematical modeling and experimental case studies
[extract] In this chapter, the modeling of mechanical properties of carbon nanotube (CNT)/ polymer nanocomposites is reviewed. It starts with the structural and intrinsic mechanical properties of CNTs. Then we introduce some computational methods that have been applied to polymer nanocomposites, covering from molecular scale (e.g., molecular dynamics (MD) and Monte Carlo (MC)) and microscale (e.g., Brownian dynamics (BD), dissipative particle dynamics (DPD), lattice Boltzmann (LB), timedependent Ginzburg-Landau method, and dynamic density functional theory (DFT) method) to mesoscale and macroscale (e.g., micromechanics, equivalent-continuum, and self-similar approaches, and finite element method (FEM)). Hence, the knowledge and understanding of the nature and mechanics of length and orientation of nanotube and load transfer between nano-tube and polymer is critical for manufacturing of enhanced CNT-polymer composites and will enable in tailoring of the interface for specific applications or superior mechanical properties. So, in this review a state of these parameters in mechanics of CNT-polymer composites will be discussed along with some directions for future research in this field.