Nickel-based batteries for medium- and large-scale energy storage
This book chapter covers nickel-based batteries, with the focus on Ni-Cd and Ni-MH due to their commercial success, from fundamental electrochemistry to technical development in terms of electrode materials and assembly, and to applications since their introduction into the energy storage market. Due to both environmental concerns and direct competition from rapidly developed Li-ion batteries, the market share of Ni-Cd batteries has shrunk dramatically. The future of Ni-MH batteries is contingent on improvement of their performance and reduction in cost, in comparison with the parallel development of the Li-ion batteries.
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