Publication Details

Wang, J., Feng, C., Sun, Z., Chou, S., Liu, H. & Wang, J. (2014). In-situ one-step hydrothermal synthesis of a lead germanate-graphene composite as a novel anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 4 7030-1-7030-7.


Lead germanate-graphene nanosheets (PbGeO3-GNS) composites have been prepared by an efficient one-step, in-situ hydrothermal method and were used as anode materials for Li-ion batteries (LIBs). The PbGeO3 nanowires, around 100-200 nm in diameter, are highly encapsulated in a graphene matrix. The lithiation and de-lithiation reaction mechanisms of the PbGeO3 anode during the charge-discharge processes have been investigated by X-ray diffraction and electrochemical characterization. Compared with pure PbGeO3 anode, dramatic improvements in the electrochemical performance of the composite anodes have been obtained. In the voltage window of 0.01-1.50 V, the composite anode with 20 wt.% GNS delivers a discharge capacity of 607 mAh g(-1) at 100 mA g(-1) after 50 cycles. Even at a high current density of 1600 mA g(-1), a capacity of 406 mAh g(-1) can be achieved. Therefore, the PbGeO3-GNS composite can be considered as a potential anode material for lithium ion batteries.

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