Publication Details

Lauto, A., Mawad, D., Barton, M., Piller, S. & Longo, L. (2011). Chitosan adhesive films for photochemical tissue bonding. In AIP Conference Proceedings, 5 November 2010, Florence, Italy. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1364 87-93.


Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) is a promising sutureless technique for tissue repair. PTB is often achieved by applying a solution of rose bengal (RB) between two tissue edges, which are irradiated by a green laser to crosslink collagen fibers with minimal heat production. In this study, RB has been incorporated in chitosan films to create a novel tissue adhesive that is laser-activated. Materials and Methods. Adhesive films, based on chitosan and containing ∼0.1wt% RB were manufactured and bonded to calf intestine by a solid state laser (wavelength =532nm, Fluence ∼110J/cm2, spot size ∼5 mm). A single-column tensiometer, interfaced with a personal computer, tested the bonding strength. K-type thermocouples recorded the temperature (T) at the adhesive-tissue interface during laser irradiation. Human fibroblasts were also seeded on the adhesive and cultured for 48 hours to assess cell growth. Results and Conclusion. The RB-chitosan adhesive bonded firmly to the intestine (15±2kPa,n=31). The adhesion strength dropped to 0.5±0.1kPa (n=8) when the laser was not applied to the adhesive. The average temperature of the adhesive increased from 26°C to 32°C during laser exposure. Fibroblasts grew confluent on the adhesive without morphological changes. A new biocompatible chitosan adhesive has been developed that bonds photochemically to tissue with minimal temperature increase. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.



Link to publisher version (DOI)