Patterned liquid permeation through the TiO2 nanotube array coated Ti mesh by photoelectric cooperation for liquid printing
The surface wettability response has been intensively studied under external stimulus, and the cooperation of different stimuli seems a trend for more effective surface wetting. Despite much progress in this field, the patterning of controllable surface wettability is still a challenge, which is a very important issue for printing techniques. Here, we have developed an approach for the photoelectric cooperative wetting induced liquid permeation through a TiO2 nanotube array coated Ti mesh. The patterned liquid permeation can be realized by patterned light illumination under a voltage which is lower than the electrowetting induced permeation threshold voltage. The permeation process and mechanism are discussed in detail. The results indicate that the microscale movement of a liquid can be controlled precisely by the surface micro/nano hierarchical structure of the device, with a low adhesion and responsive voltage. Therefore, this work is important in the research and application of liquid printing, moreover, it provides a new approach to develop and apply novel devices such as micro/nanofluidic systems, microreactors and micro-nanoelectronic technologies.