RIS ID

80272

Publication Date

2013

Publication Details

M. Alexander. Navakatikyan, P. Murrell, J. Bensemann, M. Davison & D. Elliffe, "Law of effect models and choice between many alternatives", Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 100 2 (2013) 222-256.

Abstract

Data from five experiments on choice between more than two variable-interval schedules were modeled with different equations for the Law of Effect. Navakatikyan's (2007) component-functions models with three, four and five free parameters were compared with Stevens' (1957), Herrnstein's (1970) and Davison and Hunter's (1976) equations. These latter models are consistent with the generalized-matching principle, whereas Navakatikyan's models are not. Navakatikyan's models performed better or on par with their competitors, especially in predicting residence-time data and generalized-matching sensitivities for time allocation. The models described well an observed decrease, in several of these data sets, in generalized-matching sensitivity between two alternatives when reinforcer rate increased on the other alternatives. Models built on the generalized-matching principle cannot do this. Navakatikyan's models also performed better, though to a lesser extent, than their competitors for data sets that are not obviously inconsistent with generalized matching.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jeab.37